On February 23, 2012, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit denied a petition for review in Crocock v. Holder. I found it to be a sad case. Before he applied for a green card, Mr. Crocock had a job where he filled out an I-9 form and indicated that he was a United States citizen. The I-9 is the form that employers are required to make their employees fill out to make sure that they are legally permitted to work in the United States. Holding oneself out as a United States citizen is a bar to getting a green card. It is also a ground for being placed in deportation proceedings before an immigration judge. The Second Circuit held that he was barred from getting a green card and upheld his deportation order. I wish that I could criticize the decision or say that the Second Circuit was wrong. However, the Second Circuit was 100% correct. The immigration laws are very clear that falsely claiming to be a United States citizen carries very harsh penalties. Many people who are illegal in this country have false papers, in order to work illegally. This case is a wake up call to undocumented aliens about the dangers of using false papers and lying, in order to work illegally. When you lie about being a United States citizen, you are putting yourself in a position where you will never be able to get a green card. While this case involved an undocumented alien that claimed to be a citizen, lawful permanent residents that falsely claim to be a U.S. citizen also face severe immigration penalties.